Lutz Oette with partners in Kadugli, Sudan, in 2006

Sudan

REDRESS has been working with Sudanese survivors of torture and human rights defenders since the 1990s to seek justice in individual cases and to address the legacy and prevailing practice of violations. The human rights situation in Sudan continues to be characterised by systemic shortcomings facilitating violations and impunity, including the crisis in Darfur (since 2003) that resulted in the referral of the Darfur situation to the International Criminal Court in 2005, and armed conflict in Kordofan and Blue Nile since 2011.

REDRESS collaborates with Sudanese human rights defenders and others to obtain justice and combat impunity for torture and related violations. This includes training lawyers and doctors in the documentation, investigation and litigation of torture, making submissions and pursuing cases of torture survivors before domestic, regional and international bodies. In 2008, three human rights defenders who had been working closely with REDRESS were themselves subjected to torture in Sudan – they have now taken up their case before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

Several cases relating to torture are pending against Sudan before the African Commission, which, in 2013, found Sudan responsible for a number of violations in the case of Abdel Hadi, Ali Radi and others v Sudan brought by REDRESS and the then Khartoum Centre for Human Rights and Environmental Development (KCHRED).

REDRESS has also been at the forefront of the campaign for criminal law reform in Sudan (Project for Criminal Law Reform in Sudan or PCLRS) which brings human rights lawyers and a broad cross-section of civil society. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 (CPA), which ended the war between the North and South, provided for a Bill of Rights. It also envisaged a series of legislative and institutional reforms to strengthen the rule of law and bring about democratic transformation in Sudan. The PCLRS seeks to useavailable openings even after the end of the CPA to advance the recognition of the rights of the most marginalised people in Sudan. It also supports civil society to reinforce its capacity to advocate for law reform. The issue of law reform has now become an important site of struggle for the effective protection of human rights and respect for the rule of law in Sudan.

 


Sudan's Human Rights Crisis: High Time to Take Article 2 of the Covenant Seriously

Submission to the UN Human Rights Committee

- English

June 2014


Human Rights Concerns and Barriers to Justice in Sudan: National, Regional and International Perspectives A compilation of Sudan Law Reform Advocacy Briefings

- English

February 2014


The Constitutional Protection of Human Rights in Sudan: Challenges and Future Perspectives

- English

January 2014


Civil Society Letter on renewal and strengthening of special procedures mandate on human rights in Sudan

On 9 September, 20 non-governmental organisations urged governments to ensure that serious and widespread violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in Sudan are adequately addressed by the Human Rights Council during its 24thsession held from 9-27 September 2013. 

- Civil Society urges Governments to renew and strengthen mandate of Independent Expert on Sudan

September 2013


Submission to Human Rights Committee regarding the pre-sessional meeting on Sudan

- English

August 2013


Filing a Communication before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights: A complainant's manual

- English

August 2013


Amendment on Sudan’s Armed Forces Law, 2007

REDRESS and the Sudanese Human Rights Monitor submitted a request for action to various UN special rapporteurs and independent experts, particularly the UN Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, to the Chairperson of the Committee for the Prevention of Torture in Africa (African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights) and the EU Special Representative for Sudan, raising concerns about the amendment to Sudan’s Armed Forces of Law, 2007, adopted by Sudan’s parliament on 2 July 2013. Its coming into force depends on the President’s assent but will be automatic within 30 days in case the President remains silent on the matter.  

The amendment envisages, inter alia, that civilians who commit crimes considered to be against the state’s security are subject to the jurisdiction of military courts. This category of crimes covers a number of broad and vaguely worded offences, such as “publication of false news”. These offences have over the last years been used to prosecute journalists, political opponents, human rights defenders and others for their peaceful activities, particularly for the exercise of their freedom of expression. Subjecting civilians to the jurisdiction of military courts raises serious concerns of further militarisation of civil life in Sudan that strips away the remaining vestiges of defendants’ rights and further weakens civil society.

Subjecting civilians to the jurisdiction of military courts, and particularly for the types of offences mentioned, violates international fair trial standards that are also guaranteed under Sudan’s Interim National Constitution. In addition, the proposed measure risks adversely impacting on, if not violating a series of rights, particularly freedom of expression, the right to liberty and security, the right to be free from torture and ill-treatment, the right to a fair trial, and the right to life in cases where defendants face the death penalty.

REDRESS and the Sudanese Human Rights Monitor called on the mandate holders mentioned above to urgently raise the matter with the Government of Sudan with a view to ensuring that any reform undertaken does not include any provisions subjecting civilians to the jurisdiction of military courts.

- Letter to the UN Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, 24 July 2013
- Submission on amendment, 23 July 2013

July 2013


Submission to UN Special Rapporteur on independence of judges, lawyers, and other mandate holders

- English

July 2013


Submission to Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders in the case of Jalila Khamis Koko

- English

December 2012


Extraordinary Measures, Predictable Consequences: Security legislation and the prohibition of torture

- English

September 2012


Torture in Africa: The Law and Practice

- English
- Français

September 2012


Arrested Development: Sudan's Constitutional Court, Access to Justice, Effective Protection of Human Rights

- English
- عربي

August 2012


Comments to Sudan’s 4th and 5th Periodic Report to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights: Article 5 of the African Charter: Prohibition of torture, cruel, degrading or inhuman punishment and treatment

- English

April 2012


Comments to Sudan’s 4th and 5th Periodic Report to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights: The need for substantial legislative reforms to give effect to the rights, duties and freedoms enshrined in the Charter

- English

April 2012


Criminal Justice and Human Rights: An agenda for effective human rights protection in Sudan’s new constitution

- English
- عربي

March 2012


No more cracking of the whip: Time to end corporal punishment in Sudan

- English
- عربي

March 2012


The Draft Social Control Act, 2011, for Khartoum State

- English
- عربي

November 2011


Transitional Justice and Criminal Law Reform: Human Rights Perspectives for Sudan

- عربي
- English

March 2011


Sudan, Universal Periodic Review, November 2010

- English

November 2010


Implementing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the National Interim Constitution? An empirical assessment of the law reform process in Sudan: Challenges and prospects

- English
- عربي

December 2009


Press Release - Time for genuine reform of Sudanese security laws-

- English
- عربي

November 2009


Security for all - Reforming Sudan's National Security Service Position Paper

- English
- عربي

October 2009


Promoting law reform in Sudan to enhance human rights protection, strengthen the rule of law and foster democratic processes

- English

October 2009


Promoting law reform in Sudan to enhance human rights protection, strengthen the rule of law and foster democratic processes

- English

October 2009


Comments on the ban of female genital mutilation in Sudan's legislation Position Paper

- English
- عربي

February 2009


Reforming the National Security Services in Sudan: Mandate, powers and accountability Briefing Paper

- English
- عربي

January 2009


Press Statement - Legal experts concerned over rushed Sudanese human rights legislation

- English
- عربي

January 2009


News Release - REDRESS welcomes the release of Sudanese human rights activist Osman Hummaida but condems his torture and arbitrary arrest by the Sudanese authorities.

- English
- عربي

November 2008


TIME FOR CHANGE - Reforming Sudan's Legislation on Rape and Sexual Violence

- English
- عربي

November 2008


Commons on draft amendment of the Criminal Act 2008

- English
- عربي

October 2008


Draft Penal Code amendment Position Paper

- English
- عربي

October 2008


Sudan: Explanatory Note - Draft of (Amended) Criminal Act 2008

- English
- عربي

October 2008


Reforming Sudan's Legislation on Rape and Sexual Violence - Position Paper

- English

September 2008


Reforming Sudan's Legislation on Rape and Sexual Violence - Briefing Paper

- English
- عربي

September 2008


Press Statement: Sudan - Police Forces Act falls short of the Bill of Rights

- English
- عربي

June 2008


Briefing note on section 45 (1) of the draft Police Forces Bill

- English
- عربي

May 2008


Briefing note on chapter 9 of the draft Police Forces Bill

- English
- عربي

May 2008


Criminal Law and Human Rights in Sudan - A Baseline Study

- English

March 2008


Criminal Law and your rights

- English
- عربي

March 2008


Criminal Law Reform and Human Rights in Sudan - A primer

- English
- عربي

March 2008


History of Law Reform in Sudan

- English
- عربي

February 2008


Criminal Law Reform Sudan - Resource Materials

- English
- عربي

February 2008


Project for Criminal Law Reform - Sudan (PCLRS)

- English
- عربي

January 2008


Priorities for Criminal Law Reform in Sudan - An option paper prepared by REDRESS and KCHRED

- English
- عربي

January 2008


Submissions to the Board of Directors of the ICC Victims' Trust Fund

- English
- Français

November 2007


Making the ICC relevant to affected communities Report prepared for the 6th Assembly of States Parties, New York

- English
- Français

November 2007


Your Rights and the International Criminal Court A Guide for Victims of international crimes in Darfur

- English
- عربي

May 2007


Accountability and Justice for International Crimes in Sudan A Guide on the Role of the International Criminal Court

- English
- عربي

May 2007


State Cooperation & the Rights of Victims before the International Criminal Court: Paper presented by REDRESS at the 5th Session of the Assembly of States Parties, The Hague, Netherlands, 23 November – 1 December 2006

- English

November 2006


National and International Remedies for Torture: A Handbook for Sudanese Lawyers

- English

March 2005


Reparation for Torture: A Survey of Law and Practice in 30 Selected Countries (Sudan Country Report)

- English
- عربي

May 2003


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