Ms A, Mrs B, Mr C and Ms D v. Libya

Ms A, Mrs B, Mr C and Ms D (pseudonyms given to protect them from reprisals) are Libyan nationals of Tawerghan descent. In February 2012, the four Victims were arrested by members of an armed militia group near the city of Derna, Eastern Libya, and taken to the militia’s military base. Upon arrival at the military base, the three women were separated from Mr C, whose whereabouts are still unknown to this day. On the same day, the militia men transferred the three women to a farm, where they kept them for ten days. During this time, the Victims were not allowed to communicate with their family, and could not contact a lawyer. Members of the militia beat and kicked Ms A and Mrs B on multiple occasions and threatened to kill them. The militia men poured boiling water over Ms A’s neck, shoulders, back and chest, causing her to faint due to the pain. Ms A, Mrs B and Ms D were released after ten days.  The perpetrators were not held to account and the Victims have not received any form of redress. Mr C remains disappeared.

On 6 June 2016, Lawyers for Justice in Libya (LFJL) and REDRESS filed a complaint with the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, submitting that the arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and ill-treatment of the Victims constitute a violation of Articles 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 16 and 18(1) of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, to which Libya has been a party since 1986. The organisations also requested the Commission to open an investigation into the enforced disappearance of Mr C and to provide adequate remedies to the Victims.

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