Nazanin Zaghari Ratcliffe
On 17 June 2016 REDRESS submitted to the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention an individual complaint in respect of Nazanin Zaghari Ratcliffe. Mrs Zaghari Ratcliffe is a dual British-Iranian national, resident in the UK and married to British national Richard Ratcliffe. In April 2016, she went with her young daughter to visit family in Tehran, Iran. She was arrested by the Iranian authorities on 3 April 2016, at Tehran’s Khomeini Airport, as she was about to return home to the UK. She has been held in detention in Iran since that date and of that time, has spent at least 45 days in solitary confinement. No formal charges have been brought against her and she has still had no access to a lawyer. She is separated from her daughter, Gabriella, who just turned two on 11 June 2016. Gabriella remains in Iran with her grandparents, since the Iranian authorities have confiscated Gabriella’s British passport.
The complaint submitted by REDRESS alleges that Mrs Zaghari Ratcliffe’s detention without charge, separation from her two-year-old daughter and subjection to incommunicado detention and solitary confinement is in breach of Articles 7, 9, 10, 14 and 26 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and constitutes arbitrary detention within the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention.
On 7 September 2016 the WGAD issued its Opinion stating that Nazanin Ratcliffe’s deprivation of liberty was arbitrary, and called on Iran to release her immediately and to accord her an enforceable right to compensation. It also urged Iran to fully investigate the circumstances surrounding Nazanin Ratcliffe’s arbitrary detention of liberty and to take appropriate measures against those responsible. In addition it referred the case to the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
REDRESS press statement, 13 October 2016
WGAD Opinion, 7 September 2016
On 13 April 2017, REDRESS filed a submission to the Working Group on the implementation of the Working Group's Opinion. In its submission, REDRESS informs the Working Group that 6 months after the Working Group issued its Opinion, and more than 1 year after Nazanin's arrest, Iran has not complied with any of the Working Group's recommendations. Nazanin remains in detention in Evin Prison in increasingly precarious conditions. She remains separated from her 34 months-old daughter Gabriella and her husband who lives in the UK. REDRESS updates the Working Group about Nazanin's trial as well as her health situation and communication with the outside world.