Keith Carmichael (founder of REDRESS) and Leah
Levin OBE (trustee)


Following his release in 1984, Keith Carmichael, a torture survivor, consulted those with extensive experience in human rights, law and non-governmental organizations about how to go about seeking reparation for torture. He also met with over 90 other survivors many of whom, like him, wanted to seek redress but did not know how to go about it. While existing NGOs helped survivors in other ways - by campaigning for their release, providing safe havens and medical care - none assisted them to obtain reparation. While the right to reparation existed in law, the practical difficulties in obtaining reparation proved difficult to overcome.

Keith Carmichael developed the concept for REDRESS in consultation with four persons in particular: the late Peter Davies OBE, former Director of Anti-Slavery International, Dame Rosalyn Higgins QC, Leah Levin, former Director of Justice, and Professor David Weissbrodt of the University of Minnesota, who shared the same interest in seeking ways of obtaining reparation for victims of torture. In 1990, a concept paper for a new initiative, REDRESS - a programme to focus on the right of torture survivors to reparation and to assist them to seek a remedy - was circulated.

The idea was discussed further at the IV International Symposium on Torture and the Medical Profession held in October 1991 in Budapest, and again at the Symposium on Human Rights and Development in December 1991 in Manila. Among others, Eric Sottas, Director of OMCT/SOS-Torture, Professor Bent Sorensen, and Dr Inge Gnefke, participated in the discussion. The conclusion was that there was a need for such a specialised organisation and an action programme should be developed. Keith Carmichael established REDRESS which was registered as a charity in the UK in December 1992.


REDRESS Nederland

Staff | Trustees | Contacts | Mandate and Operations  | Articles of Association  




Nader Iskandar Diab

Legal Officer

Nader joined REDRESS in October 2016 as Legal Officer in its office in The Hague. Nader holds an LL.M in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights from the Geneva Academy and a B.A in law from the Lebanese University. Nader has been active with several organizations since 2012 in assisting victims of human rights violations obtain reparations in the aftermath of the 'Arab Spring'. Nader has published peer-reviewed articles on different international law topics.

Follow Nader Iskandar Diab on Twitter on @NaderiskDiab



Lorraine Smith van Lin

Post-Conflict Justice Adviser 

Lorraine joined Redress in 2017 as the post-conflict justice adviser based in the Hague office. Prior to joining Redress, Lorraine worked as the Director of the International Bar Association’s International Criminal Court Programme and thereafter as a consultant specializing in international criminal justice and human rights. She has also taught international criminal law at The Hague University in the Netherlands. A national of Jamaica, Lorraine worked for several years as a Prosecutor and Resident Magistrate in Jamaica and was appointed to the Justice Reform Taskforce responsible for the review of the Jamaican Justice system. Lorraine has a Bachelor of Laws from the University of the West Indies and an LLM in International Human Rights Law from Essex University, UK.

Follow Lorraine Smith van Lin  on Twitter on @SmithvanLin

Jürgen Schurr

Head of REDRESS Nederland and Head of Law and Policy, REDRESS

Jürgen joined REDRESS in 2006 as Project Coordinator on Universal Jurisdiction, having previously worked for various human rights organisations. In 2009 he took a position as Associate Legal Officer at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. He returned to REDRESS as Legal Advisor in 2010, with a focus on universal jurisdiction, and litigation & advocacy before the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. In November 2015, he took up his position as Head of Law and Policy. Jürgen obtained his law degree from the University of East Anglia, UK, and a LLM from the University of Trier, Germany.

Follow Jürgen Schurr on Twitter on @juergenschurr




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Paul Lomas (Chair)

Former Partner at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer

Willa Maria Geertsema (Honorary Treasurer)

Director of Finance and Administration at United World Colleges (UWC)

Rianne Letschert (Secretary)

Rector Magnificus, Maastricht University


REDRESS Nederland
Laan van Meerdervoort 70
5th floor; Rm 5.04
2517 AN, Den Haag, The Netherlands

Tel: +31 708 919 317 Email:

Mandate and Operations 

Stichting REDRESS Nederland was formally established on 7 September 2016. It is registered with the Dutch Chamber of Commerce, registration number: 66793319.

The RSIN number is 856699846.

REDRESS Nederland's Policy Plan is available here.

REDRESS Nederland's Organigram is here.

REDRESS Nederland's Remuneration policy:

- Members of the Board of Directors are not remunerated for their time spent on the activities of the Stichting. Reasonable costs (such as travel expenses) of Board members are reimbursed subject to prior agreement on the expenditure and the amount, and the provision of full receipts.

- Employees of REDRESS are remunerated in accordance with contracts agreed with them and in line with Dutch employment law. 

Planned spending: REDRESS Nederland's Annual Expenditure consists of remuneration costs, accommodation rental and associated utilities and running expenses, costs relating to the mandate of REDRESS Nederland (such as travel to facilitate collaboration with partner organizations and to carry out research, legal and associated costs to pursue victim claims, printing costs, communications expenses and postage.) In the first year of REDRESS' operations (7 September 2016 - 31 March 2017), this is projected at 45,000euro and for Year 2 (1 April 2017 - 31 March 2018) this is projected at 165,000euro.  

Articles of Association


Annual Accounts

31 March 2017



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