Keith Carmichael (founder of REDRESS) and Leah
Levin OBE (trustee)


Following his release in 1984, Keith Carmichael, a torture survivor, consulted those with extensive experience in human rights, law and non-governmental organizations about how to go about seeking reparation for torture. He also met with over 90 other survivors many of whom, like him, wanted to seek redress but did not know how to go about it. While existing NGOs helped survivors in other ways - by campaigning for their release, providing safe havens and medical care - none assisted them to obtain reparation. While the right to reparation existed in law, the practical difficulties in obtaining reparation proved difficult to overcome.

Keith Carmichael developed the concept for REDRESS in consultation with four persons in particular: the late Peter Davies OBE, former Director of Anti-Slavery International, Dame Rosalyn Higgins QC, Leah Levin, former Director of Justice, and Professor David Weissbrodt of the University of Minnesota, who shared the same interest in seeking ways of obtaining reparation for victims of torture. In 1990, a concept paper for a new initiative, REDRESS - a programme to focus on the right of torture survivors to reparation and to assist them to seek a remedy - was circulated.

The idea was discussed further at the IV International Symposium on Torture and the Medical Profession held in October 1991 in Budapest, and again at the Symposium on Human Rights and Development in December 1991 in Manila. Among others, Eric Sottas, Director of OMCT/SOS-Torture, Professor Bent Sorensen, and Dr Inge Gnefke, participated in the discussion. The conclusion was that there was a need for such a specialised organisation and an action programme should be developed. Keith Carmichael established REDRESS which was registered as a charity in the UK in December 1992.


Staff | Trustees | Trustees (USA) | Patrons | Legal Advisory Council | Founder


Gaëlle Carayon

Gaëlle Carayon

ICC Legal Officer 

Gaelle graduated from the Institut d'Etudes Politique in France and obtained an LLM in International Human Rights Law from the University of Essex where she focused on state responsibility for human rights violations. Gaelle previously undertook internships with Amnesty International in Brussels as well as the World Organization against Torture in Geneva . She has previously worked with REDRESS on its ICC programme for 1.5 years and after spending over a year with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees in Tanzania , she is returning to REDRESS to rejoin the ICC programme.


Carla Ferstman

Carla Ferstman 


Carla Ferstman joined REDRESS in 2001 as its Legal Director and became its Director in 2005. She was called to the Bar in British Columbia, Canada in 1994 and practiced there as a criminal law barrister. Also prior to joining REDRESS, she has worked with the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on legal reform and capacity building in post-genocide Rwanda, with Amnesty International's International Secretariat as a legal researcher on trials in Central Africa and as Executive Legal Advisor to Bosnia and Herzegovina's Commission for Real Property Claims of Displaced Persons and Refugees (CRPC). In 2012/13 while on sabbatical from REDRESS she was a Jennings Randolph Senior Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace. She has also been a visiting professional with Australian National University in Canberra. She obtained an LL.B. from the University of British Columbia and an LL.M. from New York University and is working to complete a DPhil at the University of Oxford. Ms. Ferstman has published and is a regular commentator on victims' rights, the International Criminal Court and the prohibition against torture.

Makuta Kamara

Makuta Kamara

Finance Assistant

Makuta Upendo Kamara is originally from Sinkunia, in the north of Sierra Leone. From 1996 - 2000, she was an accountant at the Sierra Leoneon military headquarters in Freetown, where she stayed throughout the military conflict in the country.  She moved to the UK in 2000. She holds a BSc (Hons) in Economics, Major in Accounting from the Fourah Bay College, University of Sierra Leone. She is a Part Qualified ACCA and in 2009 obtained an MSc in Charity Accounting and Finance from the London South Bank University. 

Kevin Laue

Kevin Laue

Legal Advisor

Kevin Laue is a Zimbabwean human rights lawyer who was in private practice in that country from 1984 to 2002. In 1996 he was a founder of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights, which organization he chaired for the next five years. Originally from South Africa he attended Natal University where he graduated BA (Hons) LLB (cum laude). From 1976 to 1982 he worked for the International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa (IDAF) in London, and was an active member of the Anti-Apartheid Movement. Kevin joined REDRESS in December 2002. 


Jennifer Marcotte

Development Executive

Jennifer joined REDRESS in 2014. Prior to joining REDRESS, she worked in Major Gift fundraising at the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), one of the largest conservation NGOs, for 3 ½ years. She previously worked as a junior Policy Officer in human rights at the Permanent Mission of Canada to the World Trade Organization, the United Nations and the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, where she attended and participated in the sessions of the Human Rights Council. She has a M.A. in International Development Studies from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. Jennifer is originally from Quebec, Canada, and has spent time studying and volunteering in Spain, Argentina, Rwanda, Zambia and Switzerland. She speaks English, French and Spanish.  In her spare time she volunteers with Centre Point, an organisation which supports homeless young people back into education, training and employment in the UK.

Lutz Oette

Lutz Oette


Lutz qualified as a lawyer in Germany. He holds a doctorate for his thesis on the compatibility of UN economic sanctions with international human rights and international humanitarian law. He is a lecturer in law at the School of Law, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London. Prior to joining REDRESS, he has worked with several human rights organizations and research institutions in Germany and the UK.

Letizia Paoloni


Letizia is a PhD candidate in Political Science at the CUNY Graduate School in New York, where she obtained her Masters degree in Political Science. Prior to joining REDRESS, Letizia was a research associate at the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies in New York, where she organised and coordinated the RBI UN Seminar Series, and conducted research on UN operations, human rights, globalisation and development. As project manager of the Ralph Bunche Centenary Celebration Secretariat, she worked closely with over ninety worldwide participating organisations to organise and coordinate the Centenary’s events such as conferences, lectures, exhibits, event openings, educational outreach programmes and TV shows.

Harpreet Paul


Harpreet is a solicitor qualified in England & Wales. She completed her undergraduate law degree at King’s College London before training as a solicitor. She has a masters degree in International Law from Birkbeck. Prior to joining REDRESS in January 2013, Harpreet worked at Amnesty International’s United Nations office in New York following UN resolutions, special sessions and committees involved in work on counter-terrorism and human rights, sexual and reproductive health and rights, torture and ill-treatment, the right to life, abolition of the death penalty, and the rule of law.

Gaia Pergolo

Legal Officer

Gaia holds a law degree from the University of Pavia, Italy and a Masters degree in Human Rights from the London School of Economics in London. She qualified as a lawyer in Italy, where she practised as a criminal defence lawyer.Prior to becoming a Legal Officer with REDRESS in August 2014, she was the ICC Outreach and Advocacy Officer (Maternity Cover) with REDRESS. She also previously worked as an Associate Legal Officer for the Appeals Chamber of the Special Court for Sierra Leone in The Hague. She also worked as a Legal Consultant and pro bono for a number of other human rights organizations, including the International Criminal Court, Human Rights Watch and the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.

Eva Sanchis

Eva Sanchis

Communications Officer

Eva joined REDRESS in 2011. Prior to joining REDRESS, she was the home affairs editor for El Diario-La Prensa, New York’s largest Spanish-language newspaper. She previously worked as its senior political and investigative reporter, and worked on several award-winning projects, including one that prompted a change in federal detention standards. She has also reported from Spain and the UK, and covered Latin America as an International Reporting Project fellow in Washington, DC. She has a M.A. in Journalism and Latin American studies from New York University, where she was an adjunct professor. Eva is originally from Spain. 

Jürgen Schurr

Jürgen Schurr

Legal Advisor

Jürgen joined REDRESS in 2006 as Project Coordinator on Universal Jurisdiction, having previously worked for various human rights organisations. In 2009 he took a position as Associate Legal Officer at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. He returned to REDRESS as Legal Advisor in 2010. Jürgen obtained his law degree from the University of East Anglia and a LLM from the University of Trier.

Michelle Willis

Michelle Willis

Head of Finance

Michelle Willis is originally from Marondera, Zimbabwe. She relocated to the UK in 1998 and graduated with a BA in Business Accounting from Wales University. She joined REDRESS in September 2003. Previously, she  worked in the accounting department of the distribution company for Polo / Ralph Lauren. In her spare time she volunteers with 'The Youth Group', an association that provides sporting opportunities for teenagers in Hertfordshire.


Beini Ye

Post-Conflict Legal Advisor

Beini joined REDRESS in 2014 as Post-Conflict Legal Advisor. She completed her law degree at Münster University in Germany followed by a legal apprenticeship in Berlin. Previously, she worked as GIZ Civil Peace Service Advisor with Cambodian Defenders Project to support survivors of the Khmer Rouge regime. Since 2012, Beini is representing victims at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia as international Civil Party Lawyer.


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Sir Emyr Jones Parry, GCMG, PhD, FInstP - Chair

A British diplomat, former British Permanent Representative to the United Nations and former UK Permanent Representative to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Read full bio...

Michael Birnbaum QC

Barrister at 9-12 Bell Yard Chambers.

Professor Bill Bowring

Professor in the School of Law, Birkbeck, University of London. He is a practising barrister at Field Court Chambers, Gray's Inn.

Sherman Carroll PhD, MBE (Hon.)

Head of Amnesty International's campaigns, including the abolition of torture (1974-1983) and co-founder of its medical programme; director of policy at the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture (retired 2006); and founding editor of human rights publisher Readers International, London and USA.

Simon Carruth - Hon. Treasurer

Interim Chief Executive and the Finance Director at Gemin-i. He is the Former Chief Executive of the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture (now Freedom from Torture).

Sir Robin Christopher

Former Ambassador in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

Jasvir Kaur

A Charity Times Fundraising Manager of the Year, Jasvir is Director of Fundraising and Communications at the Brooke and prior to that Director Fundraising at Freedom from Torture. 

Leah Levin, OBE

Founder member of REDRESS' Board of Trustees, a Trustee of International Alert, and a former Director of Justice (the British Section of the International Commission of Jurists).

Ian Martin

Ian Martin has over 40 years’ experience in the field of human rights and has held senior positions with Amnesty International and the United Nations. He was Secretary General of AI from 1986-1992. Since joining the UN in 1993, his peacekeeping work has taken him around the globe, including on missions to Haiti, Rwanda, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ethiopia and Eritrea, Nepal, East Timor and Libya.

Reverend Nicholas Mercer

Former Lieutenant Colonel with the British army, and teacher at the International Institute of Humanitarian Law, San Remo. Nicholas was named Liberty Human Rights Lawyer of the Year 2011-2012 for his work for prisoners of war in Iraq in 2003.

Nimisha Patel

Consultant Clinical Psychologist and Director, International Centre for Health and Human Rights. Reader in Clinical Psychology, University of East London. 

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Trustees (USA)

Professor Michael Bazyler, Chair

Stephanie Deckrosh

Professor Naomi Roht-Arriaza

Professor David Weissbrodt

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The Honourable Louise Arbour CC, GOQ

Professor Michael Bazyler

The Rt Hon Ann Clwyd MP

The Rt Hon Lord Crickhowell

Dato’ Param Cumaraswamy

Edward Datnow FRCS

Anthony Foulger

Dr Inge Genefke MD, D.M.Sc.h.c.

The Rt Hon the Earl of Haddington

Dame Rosalyn Higgins DBE QC

The Rt Hon the Lord Judd

The Lord Lester of Herne Hill QC

Caroline Moorehead OBE, FRSL 

Professor Manfred Nowak

The Rt Rev Lord Harries of Pentregarth

The Lord Prosser

Professor Sir Nigel Rodley KBE

Professor Dinah Shelton

John Simpson CBE

Professor Theo van Boven

Professor David Weissbrodt

Dame Vivienne Westwood DBE, RDI

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Legal Advisory Council

Professor Michael Bazyler

Professor of Law, Chapman University School of Law, California.

Sir Geoffrey Bindman QC (Hon)

Solicitor specialising in human rights and founder and senior consultant at Bindmans LLP.

Joanna Glynn QC

Barrister at One Crown Office Row, Temple.

Professor David Harris CMG

Professor of Law, Nottingham University.

Lorna McGregor

Senior Lecturer at the University of Essex.

Professor Geraldine Van Bueren

Professor of Law, Queen Mary, University of London.

Professor David Weissbrodt

Professor of Law at the University of Minnesota Law School and Chairperson of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.


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Thank you for your continued support!

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Where We Work


Victims Rights Working Groups

Criminal Law Reform in Sudan

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